Trauma is defined as a sudden incident causing physical injury. It is a broad term describing all types of injuries affecting the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves, blood vessels, or bones that most commonly occur during sports, exercise, or any other physical activity. Trauma may be a result of accidents, poor training practices, insufficient warm-up and stretching exercises, or from use of improper gear. The term is wide-ranging and may include sprains, strains, minor fractures, dislocations, or serious broken bones with a direct threat to the patient’s life.
General orthopaedic care involves diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of injuries and diseases that affect the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system is made up of muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones and nerves that provide support and stability, and helps in movement of the body parts. General orthopaedic care can include both surgical and nonsurgical treatments to help individuals suffering from musculoskeletal disorders return to their normal life at the earliest.
The ankle is one of the most common sites for acute musculoskeletal injuries, and ligament sprains account for 75 percent of ankle injuries. Acute ankle trauma is responsible for up to 30 percent of sports-related injuries in young athletes. About half of ankle sprains have the potential to cause chronic problems. Along with ankle sprain involving ankle ligaments, the foot is commonly involved in sports related injuries.
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